Haematology is a branch of internal medicine that studies the blood-forming system, which consists of blood-forming organs and blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets).

Haematology is a complex and challenging medical area that encompasses a variety of diseases, from various forms of blood cancer to bleeding disorders such as haemophilia. Although the nature of these diseases is diverse, their common feature is a serious impact on the quality of life. Among the numerous benign haematological diseases, anaemia is the most common, and leukaemia and lymphoma are the most common among the malignant ones. Blood cancer is the fifth most common cause of death due to cancer in the world, and the three most common types of this cancer are: lymphoma, leukaemia and myeloma.

In order to diagnose and treat a haematological disease, it is necessary to perform a haematological examination by a specialist in internal medicine – a haematologist who reviews the medical history and laboratory results and performs a clinical examination.

In case of a haematological examination, attention should be paid to:

  • symptoms and signs: fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, fever, elevated body temperature, frequent repeated infections, bleeding, spontaneous bruising…
  • personal medical history
  • family medical history
  • lymph nodes, liver and spleen
  • medicines
  • life habits

In the Specialty Hospital Medico, patients with suspected or already confirmed diagnoses of

  • anaemia (various forms of anaemia)
  • hereditary or acquired coagulation (clotting) disorder
  • suspicion of a thrombophilic condition (persons with a tendency to thromboses)
  • the presence of hereditary and/or acquired thrombophilia factors in pregnancy
  • myeloproliferative diseases / myelodysplasia
  • leukaemia (acute and chronic)
  • lymphoma
  • multiple myeloma
  • increased or decreased number of leukocytes, platelets
  • enlarged lymph nodes, enlarged spleen
  • can undergo a specialist examination, get a second opinion, consult on the diagnostic procedure, therapeutic approach, discuss possibilities of a supportive treatment and care for patients with complications of the disease.